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The EU 2020 package sets three legally binding climate and energy targets: 1) a 20% cut in greenhouse gas emissions (from 1990 levels); 2) 20% of EU energy from renewables; and 3) a 20% improvement in energy efficiency. In the UK, the Milton Keynes Council has sought to an implement energy performance retrofit of their building stock to achieve these targets.
This research study was conducted to determine whether the abovementioned targets could be achieved, and in order to gain further understanding over the impact of the energy retrofits on the environmental conditions at each property and the behaviour of tenants. Therefore, a sample of eight council-owned properties on the Lakes Estate, representative of 70% of the council’s stock, were monitored from January 2015 to April 2016. Energy consumption and environmental parameters were measured before and after refurbishment. Building fabrics were tested pre- and post-retrofit, and a Standard Assessment Procedure (SAP) evaluation was completed. Further, occupancy behaviour surveys were conducted before and after to understand occupant energy demand and habits.
Sustainable Cities and Society 41 (2018) 611-624. 2210-6707/ Crown Copyright © 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Our evaluation report on our Better Housing, Better Health project, which aimed to improve health and wellbeing and reduce pressure on health services in Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire by making homes warmer and healthier places to live through practical energy efficiency improvements and advice. The funding for this scheme, including capital grants, was provided by the British Gas Energy
A joint report by the National Energy Foundation and the Centre for Sustainable Energy. Following the closure of Green Deal Communities, the two organisations decided to hold an independent ‘learnings event’ in order that lessons learnt from the scheme could be recorded and disseminated. The event was structured around three specific sessions.
The findings are in two parts: ‘recommendations’ that were supported unanimously or by the majority of stakeholders, and ‘suggestions’ which were put forward by a number of stakeholders but either did not have unanimous backing or were not discussed widely.
Our study into Show Homes found that they can be used very effectively to raise public awareness of energy efficiency and renewable energy measures, and generate interest among visitors who might then go on to install similar measures in their own homes. The study concludes that these benefits are felt throughout the supply chain - by Government, consumers and the population as a whole - and calls on the Government to provide additional support..
The report resulting from the recent ‘state of the nation’ survey carried out by the National Energy Foundation, Capita and the University of Salford on low-energy retrofit in social housing. The survey highlighted the sector’s views on opportunities, challenges and progress in energy-efficient retrofit, and the report State of the Nation: Low Energy Retrofit in Social Housing identified a series of insights and findings, including:
The response submitted by National Energy Foundation was formulated as a result of internal discussion and the incorporation of comments received from the steering groups for the Affordable Warmth Networks that the Foundation coordinates. The networks, which cover Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire, are governed by steering groups formed of local authorities (both upper-tier county councils and lower-tier district and city councils), Citizens Advice Bureaux, AgeUK, and Public Health, etc.
The Foundation believes that radio teleswitching has proved to be a useful tool in helping protect some of the most vulnerable customers, and in limiting heating costs at times of severe weather. The persistence of customers on teleswitched tariffs suggests that there is still a need for this sort of tariff, albeit one that tends to be a fairly blunt tool. As such, we would not support the withdrawal of the system prior to the introduction a viable alternative – which, as indicated in the consultation document, is likely to be achieved at least in part through the national roll-out of smart meters. For this reason, we believe that it should continue in operation until 2020, and we would prefer a socialised recovery of the cost across all network users.
Our written submission in response to the Northern Ireland Department for the Economy consultation paper on the proposed introduction of EnergyWise, a new householder energy efficiency sheme. The Foundation believes that a single point of contact can benefit homeowners, businesses and the wider community, and that such an energy efficiency service should support homeowners throughout the entire customer journey.
The response to the Government's consultation on the Warm Home Discount, submitted by the National Energy Foundation on behalf of the partners in the Affordable Warmth Network it administers.
Despite what many people think, low-carbon and low-energy don’t necessarily go hand in hand - but we undertook research that proved they do in the case of SuperHomes. Our researchers calculated the energy and carbon figures for a sample of the 205 SuperHomes, by per person per year, and by per square metre of floor space per year. Using the 2012 National Energy Efficiency Data-Framework (NEED) sample, we were able to make comparisons between an average SuperHome and the average UK home with the same number of occupants or of the same size. The findings showed that low-carbon SuperHomes are also low-energy homes, with the most efficient in the survey using 86% less energy than the average UK home.
The Building Performance Evaluation (BPE) programme was an £8 million competition funded by Innovate UK (formerly, Technology Strategy Board) to evaluate and assess the post-construction and in-use performance of both domestic and non-domestic buildings. There were 52 new housing projects funded in total, of which 54% (28 projects) were led by registered providers.
We were commissioned by Innovate UK to undertake an analysis of the data arising from all 28 registered provider-led projects. These 28 projects were made up of a total of 83 test dwellings.
Findings from the study identified:
Our meta-analysis revealed the trigger points resulting in social housing projects failing to deliver on the designed performance targets, and identified a number of key issues for the future. Our research will empower registered providers who have the means to champion and combat the ‘performance gap’ in buildings, and allow them to apply lessons from the BPE to their new developments.
The Foundation submitted a response to the Independent Review of Consumer Advice, Protection, Standards and Enforcement for UK Home Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Measures. The review is being conducted by Dr Peter Bonfield on behalf of the Secretaries of State for Energy & Climate Change and Communities and Local Government. The Foundation's response is based on its belief that:
The review is expected to provide initial advice to both Secretaries of State by March 2016.
The National Energy Foundation submitted a response to the Government's consultation on the small-scale renewable energy generation incentive scheme. The proposals included substantial cuts to the solar tariffs and the Foundation's response focused on:
The Foundation's full response to the committee's investigation into what lessons can be learnt from previous energy efficiency schemes. The committee invited responses based on the following questions:
In response to DCLG's consultation on how the current regime of Display Energy Certificates could be streamlined and improved, the Foundation believes that the current mandatory requirement should be broadly unchanged but could be improved by the introduction of a centralised enforcement body, an accessible register and the possibly national league tables. We stress that DECs provide a visible incentive to make continuous improvements to energy management, and hence consistent and meaningful energy savings, which far exceed the cost of compliance. Even in the private sector there's an appetite for the kind of information DECs provide as witnessed by the growing demand for VolDECs, our new and innovative voluntary operational energy rating scheme for commercial buildings.
Our research report, commissioned by the Built Environment Climate Change Innovations (BECCI) project, exploring how best to support homeowners as they consider the options, issues and costs involved with retrofitting their homes, available through a single point of contact.
Overview of hydro installations, funding and project profit management. One of a number of action packs developed by the National Energy Foundation as part of the Academy of Champions for Energy project. Each pack has been written and reviewed by community activists with first-hand knowledge of what it takes to set up social enterprises. Inside you will find practical suggestions and inspiration for setting up your own community initiative, helping those who are ready to take action to do just that.
Our response to the Labour Party's plans for energy efficiency, in which we highlight two major omissions:
Another action pack developed by the National Energy Foundation as part of the Academy of Champions for Energy project. Support and information for community groups and social enterprises setting up community-led photovoltaic projects.
Another action pack developed by the National Energy Foundation as part of the Academy of Champions for Energy project. Information and finance for community loan funding to install local sustainable energy measures.
Another action pack developed by the National Energy Foundation as part of the Academy of Champions for Energy project. How to develop a community-led agricultural anaerobic digester.
Another action pack developed by the National Energy Foundation as part of the Academy of Champions for Energy project. How to plan, build and own a medium or large wind turbine in your community’s backyard.
Another action pack developed by the National Energy Foundation as part of the Academy of Champions for Energy project. An overview of a community bus project, showing how community scale sustainable public transport can work.
Another action pack developed by the National Energy Foundation as part of the Academy of Champions for Energy project. Information for community groups and social enterprises setting up projects to reuse surplus building materials and products.
Another action pack developed by the National Energy Foundation as part of the Academy of Champions for Energy project. Support and information for community groups and social enterprises setting up community-led food production and distribution initiatives.
In an open letter, a major coalition of 20 organisations (including the National Energy Foundation) from the construction, housing and environment sectors supports a call to make home energy efficiency a “national infrastructure priority” and to achieve one million deep retrofits each year by 2020. The group's report sets out the strong economic benefits for improving home energy efficiency.
The Foundation's overall comment is that Government should not reduce targets just because they are difficult to achieve; they should instead identify where some energy companies have successfully met their obligation and encourage all companies to replicate this best practice. However, where there are realisable energy savings that can be achieved at a lower cost than under the current arrangements, the Government should be open to permitting them within the ECO framework, especially where there is evidence that homeowners are not taking action without the incentive of ECO. Equally, if it is clear that there are fundamental problems with certain aspects of ECO, these should be modified.
In recognition that the notion of whole house refurbishment is largely misunderstood and that there are currently many challenges facing home owners, the Energy Efficiency Partnership for Buildings (EEPB) established the whole house energy efficiency retrofit project with industry and other key stakeholders. This report summarises the work undertaken by the group up to March 2014 and contains a review of some 415 financial and non-financial barriers and potential solutions whilst also detailing the steps taken to create a two-year industry action plan.
This report is supplementary to the Energy Efficiency Partnership for Buildings’ (EEPB) Breaking Barriers: Summary Report. It contains details of the full literature review undertaken by the EEPB Whole House Energy Efficiency Retrofit industry working group as well as the full list of barriers and solutions identified on the road to realising an industry action plan.
Our report on a project, the aim of which was to boost the uptake of the Green Deal amongst domestic and non-domestic property owners, and which inspired action among local residents and business owners to retrofit inefficient properties, thereby helping to reduce energy bills at no upfront cost.
The National Energy Foundation has acted as secretariat to the Green Energy Supply Certification Scheme since its launch four years ago. Over this period there have been numerous changes in the domestic electricity supply market, including a rise in the number of non-certified “renewable-only” tariffs without additional environmental benefits and the limitation of suppliers to four core tariffs, which has led to a drop in the number of certified green tariffs currently available. The Foundation therefore welcomes the review as timely. Its response stresses the importance of applying equal rules to the green and renewable-only tariffs in the areas of transparency (the messages given to consumers) and evidence of supply (the matching of purchases by renewable supply). Furthermore, in order to offer a wider choice to consumers it recommends that suppliers be allowed to “green up” supplies through the purchase of “bundles” on all regular tariffs, and to link the level of additional environmental benefits to the volume of electricity purchased, rather than making it a fixed level per customer as at present.
The National Energy Foundation has responded to the Council of European Energy Regulators (CEER) public consultation paper on advice on “green” electricity. This draws on the Foundation’s four years of experience acting as the Secretariat to the UK’s Green Energy Supply Certification Scheme. While supporting harmonisation of rules for matching renewable electricity supply by the use of Guarantees of Origin (REGOs), the Foundation expressed some doubts about the value of moving to common rules on disclosure where there are already robust arrangements in place, such as the UK Scheme which implements Ofgem’s guidelines. However, this consultation is timely as it coincides with Ofgem’s own consultation into the future of green and renewable electricity offers, which the Foundation will be responding to prior to the deadline of 14 February.
We are broadly supportive of DECC’s plans to make available a significant dataset of domestic energy efficiency data. However, we feel that it is more important to focus on measures revealed by Energy Performance Certificates, rather than on installations arising from Government-funded programmes such as CERT, as the latter will only give a partial view of work done as it ignores both self-funded measures (such as DIY loft insulation) and those supported by local schemes. We also question whether releasing a public partial dataset of 20,000 homes risks creating unintentional biases in the data.
We provided a detailed response to DECC’s consultation into compulsory energy audits for large companies, implementing Article 8 of the EU Energy Efficiency Directive, which DECC has named ESOS (Energy Savings Opportunities Scheme). In general, we welcome the introduction of mandatory energy audits, though note that many of the companies that will be affected already operate excellent energy management systems. In time, we hope that mandatory audits for large companies will encourage more small and medium enterprises to undertake similar audits as a way of identifying energy savings.
As part of our response, we stated that we firmly believe that there should be no change to the current insulation standard in homes receiving grant aid under the Energy Company Obligation (ECO), which is set at 0.3w/m2K or better, for all types of walls, including solid walls.
Our report was compiled following discussions with community groups across the UK. It provides detailed opinion from community groups regarding a number of issues which were highlighted as particularly pertinent to them. The community groups involved varied from those undertaking projects with an energy efficiency focus, through those involved in awareness raising, behaviour change and demand management to those active in community energy generation.
Our literature review, commissioned by DECC, for IEA Annex 36 on the quality of installation and maintenance of heat pumps. This literature review forms part of DECC’s contribution to the IEA Heat Pump Implementing Agreement Annex on Quality of Installation & Maintenance of Heat Pumps.
This Fair Processing Notice can be downloaded free of charge and updated with your own company details. This document is not legally underwritten and is used at your own risk. Green Deal providers should seek legal advice as to its applicability prior to use. It is your responsibility to ensure your own adherence to the Data Protection Act and assure yourselves that the Green Deal Advisers and GDAOs you work with are also complying with the relevant data protection legislation.
A list of organisations that have been consulted by the Green Deal Providers Group, including those organisations which form the Steering Group and those who have been represented on different work groups, including some organisations from whom external expert opinion was sought. The list also includes those organisations who attended the wider providers' group workshops and those who requested to be kept informed, but were unable to attend.
As a Green Deal plan changes the fabric and/or equipment of a building, this document summarises and maps out the different parties associated with the building who will need to be informed and consent to the works.
An overview of the purpose of this group, which is to consider whether the Oversight & Registration Body will be ready in time, how it will be established and funded, and whether it can fulfil its remit efficiently and effectively.
A summary of the fact sheets made available by DECC for the Green Deal. The fact sheets are available to Green Deal advisers, providers and installers to use with their customers.
A summary of the objectives of the work group, which were initially to examine the detail of consumer credit licences, and how they would operate in relation to Green Deal.
An output report of the working group which was tasked with identifying opportunities and barriers for the delivery of the Green Deal and ECO within the social housing sector by social landlords (registered providers) or their partners.
A summary of the work group formed with the remit to describe a market-wide operating model with an associated lending agreement for Green Deal provider finance with a balanced view to risk that supports both TGDFC and Green Deal provider business models - as well as clarifying an operating model to assist TGDFC in meeting its aim of delivering low-cost finance to the Green Deal market.
A flow diagram depicting the Green Deal finance transaction process.
A summary of the purpose of this work group, which was to explore if, where and how SMEs could become Green Deal providers, identifying barriers specific to their size and type of operation, and to suggest ways these might be overcome.
A summary of the Warranty Working Group, which was set up to review the existing DECC warranty proposals, stress test the proposals and make recommendations to ensure appropriate consumer protection within an affordable framework for warranties from Green Deal providers.
An outline of the activities and outputs of the Green Deal Providers Group market creation work stream to date, for presentation to the Green Deal Providers Steering Group. The objective was to evaluate success against the work stream's purpose/expected outcomes and identify outstanding activities.