Pellet Fuel Production
sales in the UK are increasing and tied to its rate of growth is
the price and availability of pellet supply. There is now an emerging
wood pellet fuel industry in parts of the UK-focussed around pellet
production. There are a growing number of medium and small size
plants now starting production.
Pellet production options in the UK
There are currently three main routes
to setting up pellet production.
1. Purpose built 'large scale' wood pellet
Large scale pellet production
plants may only be appropriate in a limited number of situations
in the UK due to variations in local supplies of biomass material
suitable for pelletising. Reliable supplies of local, good quality
sawdust or other waste wood suitable for processing are essential.
Conversion of animal feed or grass mills
This option represents
a relatively low cost way to set up pellet production since most
of the machinery and auxiliary equipment (including driers) already
3. Small scale pellet machines
Grass has similar characteristics to wood for pelletisation and
as grass mills are used only from April to October they offer a
good opportunity for wood pellet production during the winter.
Other advantages to this approach are that it would need a relatively
low capital cost - especially as production of wood pellets could
start modestly and increase as market demand grows. Some
disadvantages could be that grass/animal feed pelletising equipment
has a lower output rate than machinery specially designed to pelletise
wood. Modifications to method and material handling would be needed.
A typical small scale pellet machine would be the Swedish SPC range of pellet presses which
is capable of producing between 125 kg to 1000kg per hour. The annual production capacity of a 300kg an hour machine is in the region of 2000 tonnes per annum.
Good quality standards are crucial to the continued growth of the UK pellet market. Poor quality pellets which contain contaminants or crumble to dust will damage a pellet boiler or stove. Many pellet boiler and stove manufacturers will stipulate that pellets of certain quality must be used for warranties to be honoured. A number of
European Pellet Standards exist. The most commonly used for small scale pellet boilers are the Austrian ÖNORM M1735 and the German DIN 51731 (DINplus). A pan European standard
335 for biomass is also being developed and will eventually replace these individual standards.
of Pelletising Equipment
Lask Edge Farm, Lask Edge, Leek, Staffordshire ST13
(website also contains useful information about the pellet making
process and the properties of different raw materials. Company
developing a small-scale mobile pellet manufacturing plant)
Farm Feed Systems Ltd
Foxes Bridge Road, Forest Vale Industrial Estate, Cinderford, Gloucestershire GL14 2PH
Tel: 01594 824 567
of fully automated small scale pellet plants from 250kg - 100kgs
per hour output.
E.L.F Systems Ltd
Na kopci 766, 27201 Kladno, Czech Republic
Production, sale and installation of complete industrial small pellet mill lines producing up to 150Kg/hr of any biomass pellets. With current wood pellet prices the investment is usually back in 100 working days.
Kahl of Germany (http://www.akahl.de/akahl/en/home/)
20 Atlantis Avenue, London, E16 2BF
through its sister company, UMT Ltd
Stockholm Road Sutton Fields,
Hull HU7 0XL
Handling & Storage Equipment
Chelworth Malmesbury, Wiltshire SN16 9SG
(company also manufacture briquetting machinery)
& Co. Ltd
Industrial Park, Catterall, Preston, Lancashire PR3 0HP
Fratidsgatan 3, S.262 73 ÄNGLEHOLM, Sweden
Tel: 0046 431 881 40
Manufacturers of silos suitable for small and large scale storage
of wood pellets
Coppice Trading Estate, Kidderminster, Worcestershire DY11 7QY
of both new and reconditioned equipment
Business Centre, Millbrook Road East, Southampton SO15 1JR.
(company also offer complete turnkey plant installation and commissioning)
Fisker Skanderborg A/S
Niels Bohrs Vej 16, Stilling, DK - 8660 Skanderborg
Tel +45 87 93 82 22 (reception), Fax +45 87 93 82 20
Chronus BTH (UK)
Unit 1, Centurion Business Centre, Blenheim Industrial Estate, Nottingham NG6 8WN
Tel: +44 (0) 115 935 1351
Environmental Scientifics Group Ltd
ESG House, Bretby Business Park, Ashby Road, Burton upon Trent, Staffordshire DE15 0YZ
Tel 01283 554400
note that inclusion in these lists is not an indication of endorsement,
nor is exclusion an indicator of disapproval. If you are a
supplier to the pellet industry and consider you ought to be included
in one or more of these lists, then please contact Sandra
last updated 9/8/2011